Methodology Overview

This study employed a multiple instrumental case study design, also called a collective case study design. This method is used to describe and compare similar phenomena to provide insight. This method is ideally suited to the proposed study because it is a systematic and coherent approach to studying new school models such as ISHSs. It provides a means for rigorous cross case analyses, but also is open-ended, allowing new empirical evidence and interpretation to inform the research. 

Consistent with this approach, OSPrI cases of Inclusive STEM High Schools (ISHSs) were purposefully selected based on their potential to be representative of well-established ISHSs. The cases were instrumental because they will both illustrate the characteristics of each ISHS studied and describe common critical components in ISHSs.

A similar approach was used with the Day in the Life student narratives, with emphasis on comparing STEM education in two types of schools (traditiona-comprehensive and ISHSs) from students' points of view.